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門禁系統IC卡與ID卡的區別
發布日期:2017-02-27 14:09:46

博牛社区   GUANYUMENJINXITONGZHONGICKAYUIDKAYOUNAXIEQUBIE?BUTONGZAINAER?XIAMIANGUANGZHOUBOJIEDIANZIXIAOHUOBANWEIDAJIAJIESHAORUXIA,YIQIKANKANBA!

  【IC卡與ID卡的區別】

  1)IC卡與ID卡的定義:

博牛社区   ICKAQUANCHENGJICHENGDIANLUKA(Integrated Circuit Card),YOUCHENGZHINENGKA(S mart Card )。KEDUXIE,RONGLIANGDA,YOUJIAMIGONGNENG,SHUJUJILUKEKAO,SHIYONGGENGFANGBIAN,RUYIKATONGXITONG、XIAOFEIXITONGDENG,MUQIANZHUYAOYOUPHILPSDEMiifareXILIEKA。

  IDKAQUANCHENGSHENFENSHIBIEKA(Identification Card),SHIYIZHONGBUKEXIERUDEGANYINGKA,HANGUDINGDEBIANHAO,ZHUYAOYOUTAIWANSYRISDEEMGESHI、MEIGUOHID、TI、MOTOROLADENGGELEIIDKA。

  2)IC卡要做初始化(即加密)工作,而ID卡不用

  ICKAZAISHIYONGSHI,BIXUYAOXIANTONGGUOICKAYUDUXIESHEBEIJIANTEYOUDESHUANGXIANGMIYAORENZHENGHOU,CAINENGJINXINGXIANGGUANGONGZUO,CONGERSHIZHENGGEXITONGJUYOUJIGAODEANQUANBAOZHANG。

  SUOYI,JIUBIXUDUICHUCHANGDEICJINXINGCHUSHIHUA(JIJIAMI),MUDESHIZAICHUCHANGHOUDEICKANEISHENGCHENGBUKEPOJIEDEYIKATONGXITONGMIYAO,YIBAOZHENGYIKATONGXITONGDEANQUANFAFANGJIZHI。ICKACHUSHIHUAJIAMIHOU,JIAOGEIYONGHUSHIYONGSHI,KEHUTONGGUOICKAFAXINGXITONG,YOUJIANGGEYONGHUKASHENGCHENGZIJIXITONGDEZHUANYONGMIYAO。ZHEYANG,JIUBAOZHENGLEZAIQITAYONGHUXITONGFAXINGDEYONGHUKABUNENGZAIGAIXITONGSHIYONG,BAOZHENGLEXITONGDEZHUANYIXING,CONGERBAOZHENGLEXITONGDEANQUANSHIYONGJIZHI。

  IDKAYUCIKAYIYANG,DOUJINJINSHIYONGLE“KADEHAOMA”ERYI,KANEICHULEKAHAOWAI,WURENHEBAOMIGONGNENG,QI“KAHAO”SHIGONGKAI、LUOLUDE。SUOYISHUO,IDKAJIUSHI“GANYINGSHICIKA”,YEZHUGENBENTANBUSHANGXUYAOHUANSHIBUXUYAOCHUSHIHUADEWENTI。

  初始化過程為什么不交由用戶自己做呢?這是因為:

博牛社区   1)RUGUOYOUYONGHUZIJICHUSHIHUA,JIUBUNENGFANGFANYONGHUNEIBURENYUANZUOBI。YINWEIYONGHUZAISHIYONGYIKATONGXITONGSHI,RUOYOUYUANGONGYONGSHEHUISHANGMAILAIDEKASUIYICHUSHIHUA,BIANKESUIYIFAXINGCHENGZHUHUCAINENGSHIYONGDEZHUHUKA,SHENZHIKESUIYIGEIKACHONGZHIXIAOFEI,ZHEBUJINJIANGZAOCHENGYANZHONGZUOBIHOUGUO,YEJIANGDAOZHIYIKATONGXITONGDEANQUANCHUXIANSHIYONGJIZHISHANGDEYANZHONGLOUDONG。

博牛社区   2)LINGWAI,RUOYONGHUMAIDAOLIEZHICHUCHANGKAZIJICHUSHIHUA,ERZAIXITONGSHANGBUNENGSHIYONG,ZEHUILIXITONGSHIYONGXINGNENGBULIANGHUOTANHUAN,ZHEJIANGZAOCHENGCHENGSHIGUZERENBUQING。

博牛社区   3)CHUSHIHUAGUOCHENGZAICHANGJIAZHIXING,ZHUYAOSHIICKAANQUANMIYAORENZHENGJIZHIDEJIBENXUYAO,YESHIICKAXITONGJICHENGSHANGDEXINGGUI。JIUXIANGCHENGSHIGONGGONGJIAOTONGICKAYIYANG,ZHEXIEKAZAIJIAOGEIGONGJIAOXITONGSHIYONGQIAN,MEIZHANGKADEMIYAODOUYAOJINXINGCHUCHANGJIAMIKONGZHI。

  4)RUGUOYINYONGHUQUEFAZHUANYEXINGGUANLIERWANYIDIUSHILECHUSHIHUASHOUQUANYONGDEMIYAOKA,YONGHUHECHANGJIAJIANGWUFABUYONGGAIKA。SUOYI,CHUSHIHUAGONGZUOYOUCHANGJIAZUO,CAIYOUANQUANBAOZHANG。

  【IC卡系統與ID卡系統的比較】

  1) 安全性:IC卡的安全性遠大于ID卡。ID卡內的卡號讀取無任何權限,易于仿制。IC卡內所記錄數據的讀取、寫入均需相應的密碼認證,甚至卡片內每個區均有不同的密碼保護,全面保護數據安全,IC卡寫數據的密碼與讀出數據的密碼可設為不同,提供了良好分級管理方式,確保系統安全。

  2) 可記錄性:ID卡不可寫入數據,其記錄內容(卡號)只可由芯片生產廠一次性寫入,開發商只可讀出卡號加以利用,無法根據系統的實際需要制訂新的號碼管理制度。IC卡不僅可由授權用戶讀出大量數據,而且亦可由授權用戶寫入大量數據(如新的卡號、用戶的權限、用戶資料等),IC卡所記錄內容可反復擦寫。

  3) 存儲容量:博牛社区ID卡僅僅記錄卡號;而IC卡(比如 Philips mifare卡)可以記錄約1000個字符的內容。

  4) 脫機與聯網運行:博牛社区由于ID卡卡內無內容,故其卡片持有者的權限、系統功能操作要完全能依賴于計算機網絡平臺數據庫的支持。而IC卡本身已記錄了大量用戶相關內容(卡號、用戶資料、權限、消費余額等大量信息),完全可以脫離計算機平臺運行,實現聯網與脫機自動轉換的運行方式,能夠達到大范圍使用、少布線的需求。

  5) 一卡通擴展應用:ID卡由于無記錄、無分區、只能依賴網絡軟件來處理各子系統的信息,這就大大增加對網絡的依賴;如果在Id卡系統完成后,用戶欲增加功能點,則需要另外布線,這不僅增加了工程施工難度,而且增加了不必要的投資。所以說,使用ID卡來做系統,難以進行系統擴展,難以實現真正的一卡通。

  ERICKACUNCHUQUZISHENFENWEI16GEFENQU,MEIGEFENQUYOUBUTONGDEMIMA,JUYOUDUOGEZIXI*LIGUANLIGONGNENG,RUDIYIFENQUSHIXIANMENJIN,DIERFENQUSHIXIANXIAOFEI、DISANFENQUSHIXIANYUANGONGKAOQINDENGDENG。CHONGFENSHIXIANYIKATONGDEMUDE,BINGQIEKEYIZUODAOWANQUANMOKUAIHUASHEJI,YONGHUJISHIYAOZENGJIAGONGNENGDIAN,YEWUXUZAIBUXIAN,ZHIXUZENGJIAYINGJIANHERUANJIANMOKUAI,ZHEBIANYUICKAXITONGYIPINGDESUISHISHENGJIKUOZHAN,SHIXIANPINGWENSHENGJI,JIANSHAOZHONGFUTOUZI。

  6) 智能化系統的維護和運行:

  BIRUDIANNAOFAXINGLE YIZHANGXINDEYONGHUIDKA,JIUBIXUNENGGUOIDKAXITONGDEWANGLUO,YONGRENGONGFANGSHIJIANGSUOYOUIDKAHAOYIGEGEXIAZAIDAOGEIDKADUTONGKONGZHIQIZHONG,FOUZEIDKABEIZUOWEIWUSHUKAERBUNENGSHIYONG;RUOYAOGENGGAIYONGHUQUANXIAN,ZEXUZAIMEIGEIDKAKONGZHIQISHANGSHURUYOUQUANXIANDEIDKAHAO。

博牛社区   YOURUZAIXITONGTOURUSHIYONGHOUJINGCHANGYAOXINZENGIDKA,ZEMEINIANXINZENGYIZHANGKAHUOXIUGAILEMOUYIZHANGKAPIANDEQUANXIAN,JIUBIXUZAIGAIKAKEYONGDEDEYOUKONGZHIQISHANGSHURUGAIKAPIANHAOMA,ZHEJIUDADAZENGJIALERENGONGCAOZUOHEWEIHUDEGONGZUOLIANGHESHIJIAN;LINGWAI,RUGUODUOJIGEYIKATONGZIXITONG,HUOZIXITONGSHAODAYIDIANSHI,XITONGWEIHUGUANLIDEFUZACHENGDUJIANGCHENGJIHEJISHUZENGJIA,JIANGZHIJIEDAOZHIXITONGBUNENGZHENGCHANGYUNXING。

  ERCAIYONGICKADEYIKATONGXITONG,ICKAFAXINGHOU,KABENSHENJIUSHIYIGESHUJUXINXIZAITI,JISHITONGXUNWANGLUOBUTONG,DUXIEKONGZHIQIZHAOCHANGSHIXIANTUOJIDUXIEKAYUNXING;RUOGENGGAIYONGHUQUANXIAN,KEJIANGYONGHUDEQUANXIANZHIJIEXIEZAIICKANEI,XINZENGYONGHUGENGGAIQUANXIANZHIXUXIUGAIKAPIANJIKE,WANQUANBUBIDUIGEGEKONGZHIQIJINXINGXIUGAI,CONGJISHUJIZHISHANGBIMIANLEGUANLIZHEDAOCHUGENGGAIKONGZHIQIKAPIANSHIYONGQUANXIANDEWENTI,DADAOLETIGAOGUANLIXIAOLV、SHIXIANZHINENGHUAGUANLIDEMUDE。

  7) 性價比:

  SUIRANIDKAPIANJIQIDUKAQIJIAOICKAJIQIDUKAQIBIANYI,DANCONGZHENGGEYIKATONGXITONGDEGOUCHENG(BUXIANCHENGBEN、JIEGOUZUCHENG)SHANGKAN,LIANGGEXITONGDEJIAGEXIANGDANG,ERICKAXITONGBIIDKAXITONGYUNXINGWENDING、KEKAO,YINERICKAXITONGDEXINGJIABIYAOYUANGAOYUIDKAXITONG。

博牛社区   LINGWAI,KAOLVDAODANGJINXIAOQUYINGJIANHUANJINGBUHENCHENGSHU,XITONGRENYUANDUIDIANNAOZHISHIBUHENSHUXIDEXIANSHIQINGKUANG,BUKENENGJIANLIHUOWEIHUYITAOWANBEIDEWANGLUOXITONG,LAIZHICHIIDKAYIKATONGDE24XIAOSHIBUDUANYUNZHUAN。SUOYI,MANZULIANWANGHETUOJIYUNXINGHUXIANGSHIYINGDEZHINENGICKAYIKATONGXITONG,SHIDANGJINYONGHUJIAOHAODEXUANZE。

上一條:CPU卡在“一卡通”系統中的應用發展及挑  |  下一條:智能門鎖的性能優勢
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